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- Dussehra 2018
- Chhath 2018
- Navratri Fasting Rules
- Navratri Nine Colors 2018
- Jaware Visarjan 2018
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Chhath is an ancient Vedic festival of Hindu people. Chhath festival is celebrated on the sixth day after Diwali celebration. Chhath Puja is also known as Devanagari. The festival is dedicated to the sun and his wife Usha. In Hinduism, people worship the sun as it brings prosperity and wellbeing to the family. The sun is considered as the source of energy. During Chhath festival, Hindu people worship sun for four days. Chhath festival’s rituals are very hard so it is considered one of the most difficult festivals in India. During the Chhath Puja, women have to leave food and water for many hours during these four days of Chatth puja.
The preparation of the Chhath festival starts before couple of weeks ago. Ghats have been prepared for this festival, roads are made clean, decorations have been made and all the other essential arrangements are made before it starts Chhath. People from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh celebrate this festival with high zeal and great devotion. This festival is also known as Surya Shashti, Dala Chhath and Chhathi.
Chhath Puja 2018 Date:
According to Hindi calendar, it is celebrated in Vikram Samvat that is the sixth day of month Kartika. According to English calendar, it is celebrated in the month of October or November. The Chhath festival is celebrated for four days and Chhath puja is done on Kartika Shukla Shashthi. It is celebrated just after Diwali Festival. Central Division of Jankapurdam in Nepal decides the date of festival then the dates are announced to the world.
During the Chhath festival, the people worship Chhathi Maiya (Usha), who is the consort of lord Surya. After worshipping, people pray to Chhath Maiya to overcome with their problems as well as to get the blessing of prosperity and Moksha. Generally Usha means, the first light of the Sunrise.
How Chhath Puja is celebrated for Four Days?
The Chhath festival is celebrated for four days by bathing and worshipping God Sun. No priest is needed to perform the Chhath puja. During Chhath, younger sister of Sun, Chhathi Maiya is worshipped. It is believed that, the people who begin the Chhath Puja once, he or she has to keep the fast and perform the chhath rituals every year and they passed it to the next generation. One can skipped this puja only when if there is any death in the family that year.
The first day of Chhath Puja is known as “Nahai-Khai” or nahan khan. On this day, devotees take a dip in any of the river Kosi, Karnali, Ganga or in any river or pond. They take the holy water to their home to prepare the prasads for Sun God. The female keep a fast with one meal on this day. People clean their homes on this day. The people take only one meal without onion and garlic. Kaddu-Bhat or Bhat with Chana Dal is prepared on the bronze or soil utensils.
The second day of Chhath is “Argasan” or “Lohanda”, or “Kharma”. The vratins keep fast for a whole day and after the sunset, they worship Sun and Moon. They prepare kheer, Chappati and bananas and offer to the friends and family. Vratins have kheer in the evening and then continue the fast for 36 hours without water.
The third day of Chhath is known as “PehlaAgrah”, on this day people offer the “Sandhya Arghya” at the river or pond. At the evening, they take a dip into water and worship Sun God and Chhathi Maiya. After Arghya, women wear the turmeric color saari. Vratins prepare prasad and offer the prasad to the Sunset along with family at the riverbank.
This is the fourth and the last day of the Chhath Puja, known as “DusraAgrah” or “Usha Arghya”. On this final day, devotees come to the riverbank or pond and offer “Usha Arghya” to the rising Sun. After this, they break the fast and distribute the chhath prasad in the family and relatives. On this day, friends and family also go to the river and offer Bihaniya Aragh at the early morning on the river. Thus, the festival ends on the fourth day and devotees complete their fast by having breakfast.
During these four days period devotes sleeps on the floor. They observe purity and live frugally. The importance of this festival is on the third day when God Sun offered Surya Namaskar. Like any other festival, Chhath Puja is high on rich mythology.